The urinary system which is responsible for the removal of fluid waste from your body is an important system. Urological diseases are types of ailments related to the filtering and the passing out of urine from the body. These diseases are common amongst people and will affect men and women in different ways. In females, urinary diseases usually affect their urinary tract. Males mostly suffer from affects to their reproductive organs. Here are descriptions of the most common types of urinary disease and their respective treatments.

Painful Bladder Syndrome
Also known as Interstitial cystitis, Painful bladder syndrome occurs due to the inflammation in the bladder walls. The symptoms of this disease can be minor or severe and varies from person to person. The symptoms include pain in the urethra and the frequent urge to urinate. This condition decreases the capacity of the bladder and it can even cause ulcers. This syndrome can be treated naturally by making lifestyle changes. Otherwise, surgery might be needed for severe cases.

Urinary Incontinence
This disease refers to the loss of control in urinating. This happens due to bladder prolapse in which the bladder loses its support due to the weakening of vaginal muscles. Vaginal walls weaken due to childbirth, menopause, neurological diseases and diabetes. There are several types of urinary incontinence such as urge, stress and overflow incontinence. They result in symptoms such as leakage, painful urination, and frequent urge to urinate. Controlling the fluid intake can help alleviate incontinence.

Enlarged Prostrate
This condition is also known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. The enlargement of the prostate gland is common among old men. Persons with this disease will sense a frequent urge to urinate due to pressure exerted on the urethra. Other symptoms are leakage and the sensation that the bladder is still not empty after urination. This condition cannot be cured entirely, but the symptoms can be lessened. The treatment usually involves medications that are known as alpha-blockers. In addition, pelvic floor exercise can help improve bladder control.

Ureteral Stones
The accumulation of crystals in urine can lead to the formation of stones in the kidney. Kidney stones usually move around in the urinary system. These stones can impede the flow of urine and cause severe lower abdominal pains. Large stones can completely block the flow of urine and in such instances, surgery has to be done.

The above urinary diseases can be prevented by staying hydrated, limiting the intake of salt, eliminating caffeine and alcohol from the diet and exercising regularly. In addition, schedule check-ups with your doctor to ensure good urological health.